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This webinar is part of the Ken Adams on Drafting Clearer Contracts: Webinar Series.

Awkward verb use makes contracts harder to read and can result in confusion. Confusion often leads to disputes. Learn how to eliminate this confusion by understanding categories of contract language.

The body of the contract contains the provisions that the parties are agreeing to, and each clause or sentence can serve a number of purposes. Each purpose requires its own category of language, and each category raises its own issues of usage.

This session will demonstrate how any given contract provision falls within one of several categories of contract language, each with its own recommended verb use. Mastering the categories is essential to control your drafting. Specific topics include:

  • Language of performance
  • Language of obligation
  • Language of discretion
  • Language of prohibition
  • Language of policy
  • Expressing conditions
  • Language of declaration
  • The use of ‘shall’ and ‘may’ in restrictive relative clauses


Course Leader

  • Kenneth A. Adams is the leading authority on contract language. His book, A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting is one of the ABA’s best-selling titles and has become an essential resource for contract drafters. He gives public and in-house seminars in the U.S., Canada and internationally, acts as a consultant and expert witness. From 2006 to 2012, Ken was a lecturer in law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where he taught the school’s first course on contract drafting. After graduating from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, Ken practiced corporate law at major law firms in the U.S. and Europe. His website and blog are www.adamsdrafting.com.

Group Discounts and Financial Assistance

Please note that the group discount is only available when paying for members of the same organization, at the same time, and payment is made with one invoice.  For financial assistance, please email financialaid-opd@osgoode.yorku.ca

Webcast Fee per Delegate

2-3 delegates: 25% off program fee
4-10 delegates: 30% off program fee
11+ delegates: 35% off program fee
Boardroom rates available.


The video stream will be sent to you via email as soon as payment is successfully processed.


All sales are final. Please make all enquiries related to program content and CPD/MCLE credit hours prior to purchase.


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Technical Support

In the event you experience technical difficulties, please contact opdsupport@osgoode.yorku.ca for assistance.

Program Details

Delivery Method

Web - On Demand

Date Recorded
November 23, 2017
Running Time


Fee per Delegate

Individual Session
$199 plus HST

Series (5 Sessions)
$895 plus HST

Buy Session 2 Now

Eligible CPD Credit Hours


Who Should Attend

  • Legal professionals who regularly interpret, draft or negotiate contracts
  • In-house Counsel
  • Corporate Solicitors
  • Government Counsel
  • Contract managers and administrators
  • Senior Executives and Managers
  • Paralegals
  • Law Clerks

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